This is an overhead view of the "Cyclone" in Brooklyn, New York. (Image by Joe Schwartz at www.joyrides.com, http://www.joyrides.com/coney_island/cyclone1.htm Accessed on 5/18/2012.) Notice how the track weaves in, out, over and underneath existing track. This weaving pattern on a roller coaster is called cyclone design. (Click on the image to view the original larger version at JoyRides.com.) Your main goal is to design and build your own cyclone roller coaster from paper.
This contest is only for students of Albemarle High School.
Construction requirements for the paper roller coaster.
Paper templates will be supplied. Picking up a packet of templates commits you to the project. Our template packet consists of white support structures and yellow track. If you want different colors you must supply card stock or cover stock, NOT PAPER, in the color you want. Card/cover stock is 65 lb to 110 lb paper. Regular paper is 20 - 25 lb. It is not thick enough.
Online videos showing how to make the various pieces will be supplied.
Other materials you must supply
Ball point pen (a ball point works best.)
1 roll of transparent tape (Scotch tape)
1 piece of foam core 12" by 24" (You can substitute 1/4" or thicker wood that is 12" x 24".) Poster board or paper is not allowed for the base.
The coaster must be built on a base. Foam core board is the easiest material to use. It is available at Walmart, Kmart, Target, CVS, JoAnn Fabric and Crafts, The Dollar Tree, and Michael's -to name a few stores. The base must be exactly 24 inches long and 12 inches wide -no less, no more. These dimensions have been chosen to make construction easier and to ensure that you don't bite off more than you can handle. The track and curves may extend slightly beyond the columns and beams supporting the ride. This means the track itself can go slightly beyond the 12 x 24 inch base dimensions. (If you need help cutting the board, bring it in to Mr. Wayne in room 265.)
This is short video to give you a taste of what the paper roller coaster looks like. This coaster is so small is can fit inside of a paper box.
Below is a video of a huge paper roller coaster that is designed by Andrew Gatt. (He's the guy who created the templates we are using.) This video exceeds the size limitations of the contest -but it is very cool.
Every entry starts with 60 points, next to each bullet below are the number of points you could lose by not reaching the associated design requirement. The lowest grade earned will be a 40.
It needs to work without helping the marble along and by starting the marble from rest. (2 pts)
At least 2 loops (3 pts off per missing loop)
The smallest dimension on the base is to be exactly 12" (2 pts)
Two diagonal supports must be used where each vertical column touches the base. They are blue in the animation shown below. (4 pts)
After it has been shown to be a successful design, one of the vertical supports, (the tallest,) will be pushed sideways. The rest of the coaster should not sway when this is done. Follow design instructions illustrated below and this will not happen. (5 pts)
Horizontal beams must make a ring around the vertical supports as shown. The rings can be at the same height or at different heights. The animation below shows green beams as different heights. (3 pts)
The coaster must have at least one dip that is at least 4 in, (10 cm.) The dip is measured from the bottom of the dip to the bottom the track AFTER the dip. This is depicted in the diagram below. There isn't a template for a dip. Be creative and try using the loop-the-loop piece for a track.(3 pts)
The largest dimension on the base is 24." Track pieces cannot extend more than 3 inches beyond the boards dimensions.(4 pts)
Maximum height is 30.0 inches (0.762 meters) or less for the track. Decorations may exceed this height. (2 pts)
Your coaster must have a name. (2 pts)
Remove the coaster from the room by or before the removal date. (3 pts)
Vertical column at every corner and at least one vertical column in the middle of the base's longest dimension. (4 pts)
Must cross at least 6 times. Only straight pieces of track crossing over straight pieces of track are used in the crossover count. There are few unique exceptions to be decided by the judges. A piece of track can only cross over ONE other piece. A track is defined as the path a marble travels. In other words if three pieces of track stacked up on top of each other, then the top piece only crosses over the piece immediately below it. It does not count as two cross overs since the third track under it does not count. When in doubt contact the judge with a specific question and picture. It also would not hurt your score to include extra cross overs. (6 pts)
Monday, March 3, 2015
Even if we do not have your class that day. That is the due date. Turn it in to your physics teacher.
Friday, March 7, 2015
Your roller coaster must be either removed or thrown away within two days of the student judging. Even if I do not have you in class that day.
From what past participants have told me, it takes about 6 to 8 hours to do a good job building the basic roller coaster. The smart thing to do would be to build for 2 hours every weekend or an hour a night.
Start soon. ...As in now.
If you are working with a partner, draw a basic outline so you can decide how many pieces you may need to make. then go to your separate homes and make the pieces. the next time the two of you get together, bring your completed pieces and you can focus on build ideas
Your roller coaster is to have something on it that uses power from a battery.
The battery powered device must be turned off due to the motion of the marble OR turned due to the motion of the marble. It can also turn on and then off if you want to design it that way.
The battery voltage cannot exceed 9 Volts.
You may use NiMh, NiCad, or an Alkaline battery type of any voltage between 1.5 and 9 Volts. No car, marine, lawn mower, motorcycle, or "PowerWheel" batteries are allowed.
The battery powered device cannot generate heat or start a fire as its primary purpose.
Your devise cannot plug into the wall or use an AC adapter.
Your devise cannot do anything that might be dangerous.
You are also competing for bonus credit points to be added to the score. This will make it possible to receive more than 100 % for the project. This is done by winning one or more of the following competitions. Each teacher will make an award to someone in his or her own class.
The day after the due date, every student in every participating physics class will travel between each participating teachers' room and cast up to two votes in the each category, (best scenery, best theme, most creative design element, and most complex design for physics.)
Best scenery ( +2 additional points )
Lots of quality scenery covering the entire coaster and platform. Spending money on fancy scenery will not automatically make you a winner. Simple, but clever or well done, "campy," designs show more creativity -especially when they support the name and theme of your coaster.
Best Theme ( +2 additional points )
What's the name of your roller coaster? Does your scenery support this theme? Does the design support your theme? Is there a coolness or cleverness factor to your name?
Most creative design element ( +2 additional points )
Looking for something different. You may use items not made from paper for this. You cannot use anything that was originally designed as a part of any kind of roller coaster toy.
Battery power. ( +2 additional points )
Something on the track that is battery powered AND is turned on by the marble. The battery powered device must stay on for at least 1 second. This year we are looking for the most creative battery element. None MESA student can earn 1 extra point for incorporating battery power that follow the MESA rules outlined below.
Crossovers ( up to +2 additional points )
The most number of crossovers.
Most complex design ( +2 additional points )
This is determined solely by the judges, (your peers.)
What's it worth?
Mr. Wayne's Class: this will count as an extra 60 point quiz grade.
You will not automatically earn all the points for turning in a project.
If you pick up the templates and do not turn in a project, then you will earn an "F" on the project. It will count as 17 out of 30 points. (The only way around this is to turn for your parent or guardian to send me a note stating why you were unable to finish project. (Poor "time management" is not an acceptable excuse. Your project will also be excused if I know were out due to an extended illness close to the deadline.)
Late projects are not eligible for extra extra-points from the "Best Scenery, Best Theme, Most Creative Design Element, or Most Complex Design competitions.
A roller coaster cannot earn more than 6 additional points above what is awarded for the project.
To pickup your "track pack," you must fill out the form shown below, then either see Mr. Wayne in room 265 or tell your physics teacher.
by Tony Wayne ...(If you are a teacher, please feel free to use these resources in your teaching.)